Expression of simple epithelial cytokeratins in bovine pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells

Journal of Cellular Physiology
W F PattonD Shepro


Polypeptides of bovine aortic, pulmonary artery, and pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells, as well as vascular smooth muscle cells and retinal pericytes were evaluated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The principal cytoskeletal proteins in all of these cell types were actin, vimentin, tropomyosin, and tubulin. Cultured pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells also expressed 12 unique polypeptides including a 41 kd acidic type I and two isoforms of a 52 kd basic type II simple epithelial cytokeratin microvascular endothelial cell expression of the simple epithelial cytokeratins was maintained in cultured in the presence or absence of retinal-derived growth factor, and regardless of whether cells were cultured on gelatin, fibronectin, collagen I, collagen IV, laminin, basement membrane proteins, or plastic. Cytokeratin expression was maintained through at least 50 population doublings in culture. The expression of cytokeratins was found to be regulated by cell density. Pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells seeded at 2.5 X 10(5) cell/cm2 (confluent seeding) expressed 3.5 times more cytokeratins than cells seeded at 1.25 X 10(4) cells/cm2 (sparse seeding). Vimentin expression was not altered by cell density. By ind...Continue Reading


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