Dec 22, 1999

Expression of syndecan-2, -4, and fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and down-regulation of these membrane proteins during maturation in culture

Journal of Dental Research
A ShimazuY Iwamoto


Syndecans are transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans. They are known to interact with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and it has been suggested that they play important roles in the growth, morphology, and migration of a variety of cell types. We examined the expression of syndecans and fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 (FGFR1) in periodontal ligament (PDL) cells, because these membrane proteins may play roles in the control of growth and differentiation during regeneration of PDL. Reverse-transcription/polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR) showed that PDL cells expressed syndecan-2 and -4 mRNAs. This was confirmed by sequence analysis of the PCR products. When PDL cells were maintained for 25 days, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) activity gradually increased and reached a maximal level on day 20. Northern blotting analysis showed that PDL cells expressed 2.3-kb syndecan-2, 2.6-kb syndecan-4, and 2.8-kb FGFR1 mRNAs throughout the entire culture period, whereas no syndecan-1 mRNA was detectable by this method. Maximal levels of syndecan-2, -4, and FGFR1 mRNAs were observed on day 5. However, their levels were markedly decreased on days 20 and 25. Accordingly, the inhibitory effect of bFGF on ALPase activity was les...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Northern Blotting
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
FGF2 gene
FGFR1 wt Allele
Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors
Science of Morphology

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Related Papers

European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology : Official Journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : Affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Janusz Klatka
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved