Oct 1, 1989

Expression of the acidic nuclear immediate-early protein (IE1) of human cytomegalovirus in stable cell lines and its preferential association with metaphase chromosomes

R L LafeminaG S Hayward


Stable DNA-transfected Vero cell lines that express the major immediate-early nuclear antigen (IE68) of HCMV-(Towne) have been established. Immunofluorescence staining with monoclonal antibodies revealed that the protein was distributed either in a uniform diffuse nuclear pattern or as punctate nuclear granules in up to 80% of the cells in these cultures. In addition, 1 to 2% of the positive nuclei gave a distinctive staining pattern suggesting an association with the chromosomes of mitotic cells. Colcemid-blocking studies confirmed that most of the IE antigen was localized in the vicinity of condensed chromosomes in all metaphase cells after methanol fixation. In contrast, the SV40 large T-antigen protein was found to be preferentially excluded from metaphase chromosomes in a similar colcemid-treated human cell line. In transient expression assays, 1 to 2% of IE antigen-positive Vero, 293, or Balb/c3T3 cells also displayed a metaphase chromosome association pattern. Mapping studies using deletion and truncation mutants revealed that the monoclonal antibodies recognized epitopes encoded within the small NH2-terminal exons that are common to both the IE1 and IE2 gene products. However, an intact exon-4 (IE1) region, but not the ...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Monoclonal Antibodies
Immunofluorescence Assay
Immediate-Early Proteins
Antigenic Specificity
Immediate-early proteins, cytomegalovirus
Human Herpesvirus 5 species
Cytomegalovirus Infections

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