Jul 1, 1989

Expression of the alpha subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin in normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells. An immunohistochemical study

Acta Pathologica Japonica
Y Tsutsumi

Abstract

The alpha subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) was localized Immunohistochemically in paraffin sections of normal human tissues and neuroendocrine tumors. A small subset of dispersed neuroendocrine cells was positive in normal adult tissues, including gastric antrum, urachal remnant, anal glands and prostate. Positive cells were consistently present in perinatal lung but rare in adult lung. In contrast, the beta subunit was absent from these cells. Seventy-two of 151 extrapituitary neuroendocrine tumors (48%) were alpha subunit-positive. Thirty-three of 37 bronchial carcinoids (92%) were immunoreactive, with a high percentage of the tumors (54%) containing moderate to large numbers of positive cells. The alpha subunit was further demonstrated in 9 of 45 small cell lung carcinomas (20%), 19 of 35 extrapulmonary carcinoids (54%), 3 of 11 islet cell tumors (27%) and 8 of 13 medullary thyroid carcinomas (62%). Two of three malignant islet cell tumors were positive. Positive cells were usually few in number, except for two small cell lung carcinomas, two rectal carcinoids, one thymic carcinoid and one malignant islet cell tumor. Pheochromocytomas (n = 10) were negative. Eleven of 19 pulmonary tumorlets (58%) were alpha subu...Continue Reading

  • References19
  • Citations2
  • References19
  • Citations2

Mentioned in this Paper

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin
Pyloric Antrum
Carcinoid Tumor
Bronchial System
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Imbalance
Lung
Neoplasms
Placenta
Chorionic Villi

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Carcinoma, Islet Cell (Keystone)

Islet Cell Carcinoma or Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours arise in the hormone producing cells of the pancreas. These tumors can be either malignant or benign. Discover the latest research on islet cell carcinoma in this feed.

Carcinoma, Islet Cell

Islet Cell Carcinoma or Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours arises in the hormone producing cells of the pancreas. These tumors can be either malignant or benign. Discover the latest research on Islet Cell Carcinoma here.

Adenoma, Islet Cell

Islet Cell Adenoma arises in the islet cells, which are insulin producing cells of the pancreas. These tumors can be either malignant or benign. Discover the latest research on Islet Cell Adenoma here.