Expression of the drug transporters MDR1/ABCB1, MRP1/ABCC1, MRP2/ABCC2, BCRP/ABCG2, and PXR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and their relationship with the expression in intestine and liver

Biochemical Pharmacology
Nadine AlbermannJohanna Weiss

Abstract

ATP binding cassette (ABC)-transporters like P-glycoprotein (multidrug resistance (MDR)1/ABCB1), the multidrug resistance associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1/ABCC1 and MRP2/ABCC2), and the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) have a large impact on the pharmacokinetics of numerous drugs and may also modulate the effectiveness of drug therapy. Prediction of a patient's susceptibility to xenobiotics and individualization of drug therapy would become possible, if a simple test were available for an easy screening of transporter expression. This study quantified the mRNA expression of the four ABC-transporters and of the pregnane X receptor (PXR), a key regulator in drug metabolism and efflux, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), and corresponding liver or small intestine samples of humans by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results obtained prove the absence of a correlation between the expression of four major ABC-transporters in PBMCs and in the intestine or liver. For all transporters (except MRP1/ABCC1 in the intestine), mRNA amount of the ABC-transporters was positively correlated with PXR expression in PBMCs and intestine. In conclusion, the study suggests that basal ex...Continue Reading

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