Nov 1, 1986

Expression of the RNA genome of an animal virus in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
M MakarowL Kääriäinen

Abstract

The nucleocapsid of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) was introduced into the cytoplasm of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by low pH-dependent fusion of the viral envelope with the spheroplast plasma membrane. This led to de novo synthesis of the three major structural proteins of the virus--the G, N, and M proteins--as shown by immunoprecipitation of [35S]methionine-labeled spheroplast lysates. In NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, M and N proteins comigrated with those of the virion, whereas the yeast-made G protein migrated as two bands with apparent molecular sizes of 60 and 70 kDa. Both polypeptides appeared to be N-glycosylated, since only one polypeptide with the apparent molecular mass of approximately equal to 55 kDa was produced in the presence of tunicamycin. Phase separation into Triton X-114 suggested that the unglycosylated G protein was membrane bound. According to immunofluorescent surface staining of live spheroplasts, at least part of the G protein was transported to the plasma membrane. Spheroplasts expressing the VSV genes could be fused together by low pH to form polykaryons, indicating that G protein synthetized by yeast was fusogenic--i.e., biologically active.

  • References21
  • Citations10

References

  • References21
  • Citations10

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

VP(1)
Corona Virus Membrane Protein E1
Viral Proteins
Genes, Viral
Capsid
Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus
Neoglycoproteins
Granulin Matrix Proteins
Membrane Glycoproteins
Vesicular Stomatitis

About this Paper

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