Sep 19, 2018

Expression of TorsinA in a heterologous yeast system reveals interactions with conserved lumenal domains of LINC and nuclear pore complexes

bioRxiv
Madeleine ChalfantC. Patrick Lusk

Abstract

DYT1 dystonia is caused by an in-frame deletion of a glutamic acid codon in the gene encoding the AAA+ ATPase TorsinA. TorsinA localizes within the lumen of the nuclear envelope/ER and binds to a membrane-spanning co-factor, LAP1 or LULL1, to form an ATPase; the substrate(s) of TorsinA remain ill defined. Here we use budding yeast, which lack Torsins, to interrogate TorsinA function. We show that TorsinA accumulates at nuclear envelope embedded spindle pole bodies (SPBs) in a way that requires its oligomerization and the conserved SUN-domain protein, Mps3. TorsinA is released from SPBs upon expression of LAP1 and stabilized by LAP1 mutants incapable of stimulating TorsinA ATPase activity, suggesting the recapitulation of a TorsinA-substrate cycle. While the expression of TorsinA or TorsinA-ΔE impacts the fitness of strains expressing mps3 alleles, a genetic interaction with a conserved component of the nuclear pore complex, Pom152, is specific for TorsinA. This specificity is mirrored by a physical interaction between Pom152 and TorsinA, but not TorsinA-ΔE. These data suggest that TorsinA-nucleoporin interactions would be abrogated by TorsinA-ΔE, providing new experimental avenues to interrogate the molecular basis behind nucle...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Entire Lumen of Body System
TOR1AIP2 gene
Genes
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Mps3 protein, S cerevisiae
Complex (molecular entity)
TRAF3 gene
Gene Deletion Abnormality
Gene Deletion
Yeasts

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