Aug 8, 2012

Expression profile of genes during resistance reversal in a temephos selected strain of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti

PloS One
Clare StrodeContancia Ayres

Abstract

The mosquito Aedes aegypti is one of the most important disease vectors because it transmits two major arboviruses, dengue and yellow fever, which cause significant global morbidity and mortality. Chemical insecticides form the cornerstone of vector control. The organophosphate temephos a larvicide recommended by WHO for controlling Ae. aegypti, however, resistance to this compound has been reported in many countries, including Brazil. The aim of this study was to identify genes implicated in metabolic resistance in an Ae. aegypti temephos resistant strain, named RecR, through microarray analysis. We utilized a custom 'Ae. aegypti detox chip' and validated microarray data through RT-PCR comparing susceptible and resistant individuals. In addition, we analyzed gene expression in 4(th) instar larvae from a reversed susceptible strain (RecRev), exposed and unexposed to temephos. The results obtained revealed a set of 13 and 6 genes significantly over expressed in resistant adult mosquitoes and larvae, respectively. One of these genes, the cytochrome P450 CYP6N12, was up-regulated in both stages. RT-PCR confirmed the microarray results and, additionally, showed no difference in gene expression between temephos exposed and unexposed...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Dengue Fever
Metabolic Process, Cellular
Genes, Insect
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Microarray Analysis
Permethrin
Decamethrin
Arcturus
Melo
Enzymes, antithrombotic