Extended cognition and the space of social interaction

Consciousness and Cognition
Joel Krueger


The extended mind thesis (EM) asserts that some cognitive processes are (partially) composed of actions consisting of the manipulation and exploitation of environmental structures. Might some processes at the root of social cognition have a similarly extended structure? In this paper, I argue that social cognition is fundamentally an interactive form of space management--the negotiation and management of "we-space"--and that some of the expressive actions involved in the negotiation and management of we-space (gesture, touch, facial and whole-body expressions) drive basic processes of interpersonal understanding and thus do genuine social-cognitive work. Social interaction is a kind of extended social cognition, driven and at least partially constituted by environmental (non-neural) scaffolding. Challenging the Theory of Mind paradigm, I draw upon research from gesture studies, developmental psychology, and work on Moebius Syndrome to support this thesis.


Jan 1, 1978·Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry·E TronickT B Brazelton
Jan 1, 1978·Perception·J MehlerM Barriere
Jan 1, 1977·Perception·G Johansson
Mar 1, 1990·Early Human Development·A M WidströmJ Winberg
Oct 1, 1985·Cognition·S Baron-CohenU Frith
Jun 1, 1987·Child Development·S E TrehubB A Morrongiello
Nov 1, 1965·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·P Ekman
Jan 1, 1984·The Journal of General Psychology·B A Edelman
Jan 1, 1983·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·B Hopkins
Jan 1, 1983·Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines·E AlbertsB Hopkins
Jun 1, 1982·Journal of Experimental Child Psychology·A S Walker
Sep 11, 1995·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·J B Hutchins
Feb 1, 1995·Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology·J D ColeR D Treede
Oct 8, 1998·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·V S Ramachandran, W Hirstein
Jun 15, 1996·Physical Review. D·G Chalmers
Jul 14, 1999·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T L Chartrand, J A Bargh
Oct 26, 1999·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·S Goldin-Meadow
May 10, 2000·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·P BruggerM Regard
Jun 3, 2000·Child Development·S Goldin-Meadow
Apr 5, 2001·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·D A. Baldwin, J A. Baird
Apr 17, 2001·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·K N LalandM W Feldman
Jun 19, 2001·Child Development·D A BaldwinM A Clark
Jan 5, 2002·Psychological Science·S Goldin-MeadowS Wagner
May 23, 2003·Developmental Psychology·Susan Goldin-Meadow, Melissa A Singer
Sep 10, 2003·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Vasudevi Reddy
Dec 25, 2004·Cognition·Alvin I Goldman, Chandra Sekhar Sripada
May 4, 2005·Trends in Cognitive Sciences·Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan M Wagner
May 12, 2006·Child Development·Felix WarnekenMichael Tomasello
Mar 23, 2007·Infant Behavior & Development·Alan Fogel, Andrea Garvey
May 19, 2007·Science·Paula M Niedenthal
Jun 15, 2007·Cognition·Susan Wagner CookSusan Goldin-Meadow
Aug 9, 2007·Consciousness and Cognition·Dorothée LegrandAlessandro Farnè
Oct 7, 1977·Science·A N Meltzoff, M K Moore
Apr 16, 2008·Consciousness and Cognition·Dan Zahavi
Apr 30, 2008·Consciousness and Cognition·Shaun Gallagher
Jul 18, 2008·Social Neuroscience·Atsushi SenjuGergely Csibra
Feb 12, 2009·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Judy Plantinga, Laurel J Trainor
Apr 24, 2009·Brain Topography·Lucilla CardinaliAlessandro Farnè
Jan 1, 2008·First Language·Meredith L RoweSusan Goldin-Meadow
Nov 10, 2009·Current Biology : CB·Birgit MampeKathleen Wermke
Mar 10, 2010·The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association·Kathleen Rives Bogart, David Matsumoto
Mar 17, 2010·Child Development Perspectives·Susan Goldin-Meadow
Apr 1, 2009·Topics in Cognitive Science·Kevin ShockleyRick Dale

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Mar 26, 2016·Frontiers in Psychology·Michelle Maiese
May 26, 2015·Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Cognitive Science·Marco Bernini, Angela Woods
Oct 25, 2016·Frontiers in Psychology·Stephen M Fiore, Travis J Wiltshire
Jul 26, 2013·The Behavioral and Brain Sciences·Leonhard SchilbachKai Vogeley
Jun 13, 2018·Frontiers in Psychology·Holger Lyre
Jan 15, 2014·Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy·Jan Slaby
Aug 9, 2018·Frontiers in Psychology·Laura Bishop
Jun 16, 2021·Scientific Reports·Andrea SchiavioRenee Timmers

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Landau-Kleffner Syndrome

Landau Kleffner syndrome (LKS), also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia, or aphasia with convulsive disorder, is a rare childhood neurological syndrome characterized by the sudden or gradual development of aphasia (the inability to understand or express language) and an abnormal electroencephalogram. Discover the latest research on LKS here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.

Related Papers

Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Susan M Wagner
Perspectives on Psychological Science : a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Susan Goldin-Meadow, Sian Beilock
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
B Hopkins
Early Development & Parenting
A N Meltzoff, M K Moore
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved