Jun 30, 2019

Extension of the Pompe mutation database by linking disease-associated variants to clinical severity

Human Mutation
Monica Y NiñoW W Pijnappel


Pompe disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by disease-associated variants in the acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA) gene. The current Pompe mutation database provides a severity rating of GAA variants based on in silico predictions and expression studies. Here, we extended the database with clinical information of reported phenotypes. We added additional in silico predictions for effects on splicing and protein function and for cross reactive immunologic material (CRIM) status, minor allele frequencies, and molecular analyses. We analyzed 867 patients and 562 GAA variants. Based on their combination with a GAA null allele (i.e., complete deficiency of GAA enzyme activity), 49% of the 422 disease-associated variants could be linked to classic infantile, childhood, or adult phenotypes. Predictions and immunoblot analyses identified 131 CRIM negative and 216 CRIM positive variants. While disease-associated missense variants were found throughout the GAA protein, they were enriched up to seven-fold in the catalytic site. Fifteen percent of disease-associated missense variants were predicted to affect splicing. This should be confirmed using splicing assays. Inclusion of clinical severity rating in the Pompe...Continue Reading

  • References46
  • Citations3


Mentioned in this Paper

Glucan 1,4-alpha-Glucosidase
Treatment Protocols
Protein Function
Glycogen Storage Disease Type II
GAA protein, human
Pharmaceutical Preparations
RNA Splicing

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.