Feb 1, 1994

Extent and rate of proton release by photosynthetic water oxidation in thylakoids: electrostatic relaxation versus chemical production

M Haumann, W Junge


The detailed chemical mechanism of the four steps of photosynthetic oxidation of two molecules of water to yield molecular oxygen plus four protons is under contention. The observed release of protons is a composite of the chemical production and more indirect reactions such as electrostatically induced shifts of acid/base equilibria of peripheral amino acids. In thylakoids we studied the extent and the rate (at microsecond time resolution) of proton release and uptake by each of the four oxidation steps. The pattern of net proton release in thylakoids varied drastically (between 0.3 and 2 H+/e-) as a function of pH. It differed substantially from the pH-dependent patterns of PSII-enriched membrane fragments and core particles, but the stepped progression toward release of dioxygen (the Kok parameter triple) was about the same. This implied an electrostatic origin of this variation and, within the observed limits, a lack of (inhibitory) feedback of the uncompensated charge on the electron transfer from the catalytic Mn cluster to TyrZ+. The rate of rapid proton transfer to the amphiphilic, surface-adsorbed indicator neutral red was proportional to its concentration. The shortest half-transfer time was 12 microseconds, substanti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Electron Transport
Neutral Red
Oxygen Evolving Activity

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