Apr 17, 2015

Extracellular matrix communication and turnover in cardiac physiology and pathology

Comprehensive Physiology
Abhijit TakawaleZamaneh Kassiri

Abstract

Despite significant advances in treating heart disease, heart failure remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Regardless of the initiating cause(s), heart failure is associated with disruptions in the myocardial extracellular matrix (ECM). ECM is a dynamic structure and its physiological turnover is mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors (TIMPs). Research in the past two decades has revealed that the function of ECM extends beyond its role in providing structural support. Similarly, ECM regulatory proteins, MMPs and TIMPs, have been demonstrated to play diverse and ECM-independent roles in tissue remodeling and homeostasis. ECM is a network structure that in addition to providing structural support, serves as an extracellular reservoir for a number of growth factors and cytokines, and plays a central role in interstitial transport of different molecules (hormones, growth factors, drugs, etc.). This is mainly through the action of nonstructural ECM components, proteoglycans and matricellular proteins, which are also critical in cell-ECM interactions and overall ECM remodeling. As such, sustaining the ECM integrity is not only critical in preserving cardiac geometry and function, it is essenti...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Research
Morbidity Aspects
Extracellular
Myocardial Disorder
Extracellular Matrix Constituent Secretion
Proteoglycan
Extracellular Matrix
Inhibitors
Interstitial
Myocardium

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