Feb 10, 2000

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ECMO. Experience with the first 22 cases

Anales españoles de pediatría
M Sánchez LunaE Maroto Alvaro

Abstract

Extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an alternative to cases of respiratory or cardiopulmonary insufficiency when conventional therapy has failed. We present the first 22 patients treated with ECMO at the neonatology unit of the "Gregorio Marañon" Hospital. From October 1997 until September 1999, 22 patients were treated with ECMO. In 8 of them ECMO was necessary because of respiratory insufficiency without response to conventional treatment (r-ECMO) and a veno-venous tidal flow system was used. In 14 patients, cardiac ECMO was necessary in the veno-arterial modality because of ventricular failure after extracorporal circulatory assistance during cardiovascular surgery. The 8 patients of the respiratory ECMO group had a mean previous oxygenation index of 89 +/- 36.6 (50-150). The mean duration of ECMO was 7.8 +/- 6.5 (1-16) days and the age at the beginning of ECMO ranged between 1 and 151 days. The most frequent indications in this group were congenital diaphragmatic hernia in three cases, meconium aspiration syndrome in 2 cases and 1 case each of septic shock, idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and air leak. The cannula was removed in 5/8 patients due to recovery and 5/8 survived. The 14 patients of the cardiac ECMO gr...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Diagnostic Radiology Modality
Alveolar Ventilation Function
Circulatory System
Body Parts - Cannula
Specimen Type - Cannula
Cell Respiration
Meconium Aspiration Syndrome
Respiratory Failure
Renal Insufficiency

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