Aug 1, 2006

Extracting haplotypes from diploid organisms

Current Issues in Molecular Biology
Jianping Xu


Each diploid organism has two alleles at every gene locus. In sexual organisms such as most plants, animals and fungi, the two alleles in an individual may be genetically very different from each other. DNA sequence data from individual alleles (called a haplotype) can provide powerful information to address a variety of biological questions and guide many practical applications. The advancement in molecular technology and computational tools in the last decade has made obtaining large-scale haplotypes feasible. This review summarizes the two basic approaches for obtaining haplotypes and discusses the associated techniques and methods. The first approach is to experimentally obtain diploid sequence information and then use computer algorithms to infer haplotypes. The second approach is to obtain haplotype sequences directly through experimentation. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are discussed. I then discussed a specific example on how the direct approach was used to obtain haplotype information to address several fundamental biological questions of a pathogenic yeast. With increasing sophistication in both bioinformatics tools and high-throughput molecular techniques, haplotype analysis is becoming an integr...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations


  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Pathogenic Organism
Sequence Determinations, DNA
Diploid Cell

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Bioinformatics in Biomedicine

Bioinformatics in biomedicine incorporates computer science, biology, chemistry, medicine, mathematics and statistics. Discover the latest research on bioinformatics in biomedicine here.

Related Papers

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Prabhu RajagopalRichard V Craster
Human Fertility : Journal of the British Fertility Society
Christopher L R BarrattIan A Brewis
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved