PMID: 7941101Jan 1, 1994Paper

Extracting instantaneous mean frequency information from Doppler signals using the Wigner distribution function

Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
L Fan, D H Evans

Abstract

The Wigner distribution function (WDF) does not require the analysed signals to be stationary within the time segment used for analysis, and instantaneous frequency (IF) information can be obtained from it. Because of the influence of the cross-power of the signal components, however, the interpretation of the IF results is physically clear only for monocomponent signals with infinite data lengths. The IF results for multicomponent signals also suffer from spike problems and are quite unstable even when the signal-to-noise ratio is high. It is suggested that a "pseudo-instantaneous mean frequency," which uses the positive part of the WDF to follow the power distribution changes among frequency components, is used as a simple and rapid way to track frequency changes of Doppler signals. Simulation results show that the pseudo-instantaneous mean frequency does not have the same spike problems and gives stable and relatively accurate information about frequency changes when the sampling frequency is properly chosen.

References

Jan 1, 1989·Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology·F S Schlindwein, D H Evans
Jan 1, 1989·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·K Kaluzynski
Dec 21, 1987·Journal of Theoretical Biology·R I Kitney, H Talhami
Feb 1, 1984·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·A P HoeksR S Reneman
Jan 1, 1991·IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control·F Forsberg

Citations

Apr 16, 1998·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·P J FishW N McDicken
Jan 1, 1995·Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology·S K Alam, K J Parker
Jan 1, 1997·Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology·J L SmithA R Naylor
Feb 2, 2008·IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control·F ForsbergL Needleman
Dec 1, 1996·IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering·J C CardosoP J Fish
Jul 11, 2013·Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine·Glauber Ribeiro PereiraJurandir Nadal

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathies are a group of inherited neurodegenerative disorders characterized clinically by loss of sensation and autonomic dysfunction. Here is the latest research on these neuropathies.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Separation Anxiety

Separation anxiety is a type of anxiety disorder that involves excessive distress and anxiety with separation. This may include separation from places or people to which they have a strong emotional connection with. It often affects children more than adults. Here is the latest research on separation anxiety.

KIF1A Associated Neurological Disorder

KIF1A associated neurological disorder (KAND) is a rare neurodegenerative condition caused by mutations in the KIF1A gene. KAND may present with a wide range and severity of symptoms including stiff or weak leg muscles, low muscle tone, a lack of muscle coordination and balance, and intellectual disability. Find the latest research on KAND here.

Regulation of Vocal-Motor Plasticity

Dopaminergic projections to the basal ganglia and nucleus accumbens shape the learning and plasticity of motivated behaviors across species including the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity and performance in songbirds. Discover the latest research on the regulation of vocal-motor plasticity here.