Mar 30, 2000

Extraction of violacein from Chromobacterium violaceum provides a new quantitative bioassay for N-acyl homoserine lactone autoinducers

Journal of Microbiological Methods
R S Blosser, K M Gray


Fatty acyl homoserine lactones (AHLs) are used as extracellular quorum sensing signals by a variety of gram-negative bacteria. By activating proteins belonging to the LuxR family of transcriptional regulators, these signal metabolites allow population density-dependent gene regulation within a species, as well as interspecies communication among different bacteria. The experimental detection of AHLs is important in the identification of quorum sensing capabilities in bacteria. Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram-negative bacterium that produces the purple pigment violacein in response to the presence of the AHL N-hexanoyl homoserine lactone (C6HSL). The mini-Tn5 mutant strain C. violaceum CV0blu is deficient in the production of this signal molecule but retains the ability to synthesize violacein in response to the presence of C6HSL and a variety of other short-chain AHLs. We have developed a quantitative bioassay that measures the amount of violacein produced by this strain in response to the presence of different concentrations of various AHL molecules. This new assay provides a means of quantifying the amount of a given AHL present in a bacterial culture and can be used to measure differences in AHL production among differen...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Culture Media, Conditioned
Homoserine lactone, (S)-isomer
Transcription, Genetic
Anterior Horizontal Limb of Lateral Sulcus (Human Only)
Cestrum violaceum
Gram-Negative Bacteria
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Procedure

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.