Jul 9, 2014

Extraordinarily wide genomic impact of a selective sweep associated with the evolution of sex ratio distorter suppression

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Emily A HornettGregory Hurst

Abstract

Symbionts that distort their host’s sex ratio by favouring the production and survival of females are common in arthropods. Their presence produces intense Fisherian selection to return the sex ratio to parity, typified by the rapid spread of host ‘suppressor’ loci that restore male survival/development. In this study, we investigated the genomic impact of a selective event of this kind in the butterfly Hypolimnas bolina . Through linkage mapping we first identified a genomic region that was necessary for males to survive Wolbachia -induced killing. We then investigated the genomic impact of the rapid spread of suppression that converted the Samoan population of this butterfly from a 100:1 female-biased sex ratio in 2001, to a 1:1 sex ratio by 2006. Models of this process revealed the potential for a chromosome-wide selective sweep. To measure the impact directly, the pattern of genetic variation before and after the episode of selection was compared. Significant changes in allele frequencies were observed over a 25cM region surrounding the suppressor locus, alongside generation of linkage disequilibrium. The presence of novel allelic variants in 2006 suggests that the suppressor was introduced via immigration rather than throu...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Genome
Samoan Race
Hypolimnas bolina
Dysequilibrium Syndrome
De Novo Mutation
Visual Suppression
Genomics
Chromosomes

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