Dec 1, 1996

Extraordinary stability of IgE-binding Parietaria pollen allergens in relation to chemically bound flavonoids

Molecular Immunology
M L González RomanoL Berrens

Abstract

It is known that the skin-active and IgE-binding components in Parietaria pollen extracts are not restricted to the predominant protein allergens of M(r) 12000-15000, but are present as well among the naturally occurring constituents of M(r) < 10000. Indeed, the IgE-binding Parietaria pollen components are quite heterogeneous, ranging from high- to low-molecular mass, whereby the IgE-binding epitopes display an unusual chemical stability. Furthermore, the pollen of Parietaria species demonstrably contain a high proportion of flavonoid pigments. Since these pollen grains cannot be collected entirely free from non-pollen plant parts, the usual allergenic extracts of Parietaria encompass both the polyphenolic substrate molecules and the enzyme polyphenoloxidase as ingredients for the oxidative generation of flavonol-protein conjugates during the extraction process. In the present work this is illustrated by spectroscopic analyses of the free and bound flavonoids in Parietaria pollen extracts, as well as of the peptide fragments produced from the allergenic proteins by enzymatic or chemical hydrolysis. None of these relatively harsh treatments had a significant effect on the IgE-binding properties of the allergenic (sub-)components...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Bioflavonoids
LGALS3
Allergens
Immunoglobulin E
Peptide Fragments
Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
Isoelectric Focusing
Protein Denaturation
Hydrolysis
Flavonols

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