Sep 12, 2015

Extreme Expression of DNA Repair Protein Apurinic/Apyrimidinic Endonuclease 1 (APE1) in Human Breast Cancer As Measured by Liquid Chromatography and Isotope Dilution Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Erdem CoskunMiral Dizdaroglu


Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) is a DNA repair protein and plays other important roles. Increased levels of APE1 in cancer have been reported. However, available methods for measuring APE1 levels are indirect and not quantitative. We previously developed an approach using liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry with isotope dilution to accurately measure APE1 levels. Here, we applied this methodology to measure APE1 levels in normal and cancerous human breast tissues. Extreme expression of APE1 in malignant tumors was observed, suggesting that breast cancer cells may require APE1 for survival. Accurate measurement of APE1 may be essential for the development of novel treatment strategies and APE1 inhibitors as anticancer drugs.

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA repair protein
Treatment Protocols
Antineoplastic Agents
DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase
Breast Tissue Sample
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry
Apex1 protein, mouse
Mammary Neoplasms, Human

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.