PMID: 39066Jul 1, 1979

Extrusion of sodium ions energized by respiration and glycolysis in Escherichia coli

Journal of Biochemistry
T Tsuchiya, K Takeda

Abstract

Extrusion of sodium ion from cells of Escherichia coli was measured using an Na+ electrode. When oxygen was supplied to an anaerobic cell suspension, extrusion of Na+ was observed. The addition of glucose under anaerobic conditions also caused Na+ efflux. The extrusion of Na+ energized by respiration and glycolysis was completely inhibited by a proton conductor, carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone. These observations are consistent with the view that Na+ transport occurs secondarily to H+ circulation. Interestgly, induction of the melibiose transport system, which is coupled to Na+, greatly enhanced Na+ transport activity.

Related Concepts

Anaerobiosis
Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Glycolysis
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Oxygen Consumption
Sodium

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.