Fabry's disease cardiomyopathy: echocardiographic detection of endomyocardial glycosphingolipid compartmentalization

Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Maurizio PieroniAndrea Frustaci

Abstract

We sought to identify echocardiographic hallmarks of Fabry's disease cardiomyopathy (FC). The recognition of FC from other forms of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) by noninvasive imaging techniques is not yet available, and diagnosis, mostly in the absence of systemic manifestations, still relies on genetic and invasive studies. Forty consecutive patients (mean age 39 +/- 15 years, 22 men and 18 women) with an established diagnosis of Fabry's disease were submitted to echocardiographic evaluation. Control population consisted of 40 consecutive patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), 40 hypertensive patients with echocardiographic evidence of LVH, and 40 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects with no LVH. All HCM patients and FC with LVH and/or cardiac symptoms underwent cardiac catheterization with left ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. Echocardiography showed in 83% of FC patients (95% of FC patients with LVH) a binary appearance of endocardial border absent in all HCM, hypertensive, and healthy subjects. The sensitivity and specificity of this echocardiographic feature in detecting Fabry patients in study population were 94% and 100%, respectively. Comparison of echocardiographic with histologic and ultrastruct...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Teens
Fabry Disease
Idiopathic Hypertrophic Subaortic Stenosis
Differential Diagnosis
2D Echocardiography
Endocardium
Glycosphingolipids
Cardiomyopathies
Myocardium
Statistical Sensitivity

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