PMID: 15484916Oct 16, 2004Paper

Facial action recognition for facial expression analysis from static face images

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society
Maja Pantic, Leon J M Rothkrantz

Abstract

Automatic recognition of facial gestures (i.e., facial muscle activity) is rapidly becoming an area of intense interest in the research field of machine vision. In this paper, we present an automated system that we developed to recognize facial gestures in static, frontal- and/or profile-view color face images. A multidetector approach to facial feature localization is utilized to spatially sample the profile contour and the contours of the facial components such as the eyes and the mouth. From the extracted contours of the facial features, we extract ten profile-contour fiducial points and 19 fiducial points of the contours of the facial components. Based on these, 32 individual facial muscle actions (AUs) occurring alone or in combination are recognized using rule-based reasoning. With each scored AU, the utilized algorithm associates a factor denoting the certainty with which the pertinent AU has been scored. A recognition rate of 86% is achieved.

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Citations

Nov 4, 2009·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Maja Pantic
Oct 13, 2011·Cognitive Processing·Laurens van der Maaten, Emile Hendriks
Apr 15, 2015·IEEE Transactions on Image Processing : a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society·Pojala ChiranjeeviPratibha Moogi
Sep 18, 2010·IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence·Sander KoelstraIoannis Patras
Nov 26, 2008·IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence·Zhihong ZengThomas S Huang
Apr 1, 2011·IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing·Yunfeng ZhuYu-Jin Zhang
Aug 19, 2007·IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence·Yan TongQiang Ji
Sep 19, 2009·IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence·Jacob WhitehillJavier Movellan
Apr 11, 2006·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society·Maja Pantic, Ioannis Patras
May 15, 2012·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society· Songfan Yang, Bir Bhanu
Sep 20, 2011·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society·Michel F Valstar, Maja Pantic
Jul 27, 2010·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society·Yuchi HuangDimitris N Metaxas
Apr 21, 2010·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society·Ruicong ZhiW Bastiaan Kleijn
Nov 26, 2009·IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics : a Publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society·Ching-Ting Tu, Jenn-Jier James Lien
Oct 1, 2009·Image and Vision Computing·Ahmed Bilal AshrafPatricia E Solomon
Apr 4, 2017·IEEE Transactions on Image Processing : a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society·Kaihao ZhangLiang Wang
Aug 26, 2017·Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing·Ana MachadoAlda Marques
Nov 7, 2015·SpringerPlus·Pierluigi CarcagnìCosimo Distante
Aug 28, 2020·Frontiers in Psychology·Adelaide L Burt, David P Crewther
Sep 30, 2018·Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders·Tanya DenmarkJohn Swettenham
Aug 14, 2021·Frontiers in Psychology·Laetitia Aurelie RenierEmmanuelle Patricia Kleinlogel

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