Facile radiosynthesis of fluorine-18 labeled beta-blockers. Synthesis, radiolabeling, and ex vivo biodistribution of [18F]-(2S and 2R)-1-(1-fluoropropan-2-ylamino)-3-(m-tolyloxy)propan-2-ol

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Karin A StephensonNeil Vasdev

Abstract

An efficient and general method has been developed for fluorine-18 labeling of beta-blockers that possess the propanolamine moiety. A new synthetically versatile intermediate, 3-(1-(benzyloxy)propan-2-yl)-2-oxooxazolidin-5-yl)methyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (13), was prepared and can be conjugated to any phenoxy core. To demonstrate the synthetic methodology, fluorinated derivatives of toliprolol were prepared, namely, [(18)F]-(2S and 2R)-1-(1-fluoropropan-2-ylamino)-3-(m-tolyloxy)propan-2-ol ((2S and 2R)-[(18)F]1). The radiosyntheses were accomplished in <1 h, with 20-24% (uncorrected for decay, n = 7) radiochemical yields, >96% radiochemical and >99% enantiomeric purities, with specific activities of 0.9-1.1 Ci/micromol (EOS). Ex vivo biodistribution studies with the radiotracers demonstrated excessively rapid washout that may limit their use for cerebral PET imaging.

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