Facilitating students' reflective practice in a medical course: literature review

Education for Health : Change in Training & Practice
Lisa Jane ChaffeyGerard Anthony Finnigan


Reflection and reflective practice is of increasing importance in medical education curricula. The aim of this review is to summarise the literature published around facilitating reflection in a medical course, and to answer the question : W0 hat is the current evidence regarding learning and development moments across the medical curriculum in developing students' reflective practice? A review of the literature was undertaken using defined databases and the search terms 'medical students', 'medical education', 'reflection', 'reflectFNx01' and 'medicine'. The search was limited to peer-reviewed published material in English and between the years 2001 and 2011, and included research, reviews and opinion pieces. Thirty-six relevant articles were found, identifying enhancing factors and barriers to effectively teaching reflective practice within medical curricula, relating to: The breadth of the meaning of reflection; facilitating reflection by medical educators; using written or web-based portfolios to facilitate reflection; and assessing the reflective work of students. A variety of reflective purposes was found in this literature review. Evidence indicates that, if students are unclear as to the purpose of reflection and do not...Continue Reading


Dec 30, 2014·Medical Education·William P Burdick
Aug 27, 2013·Archives of Disease in Childhood·Deborah Murdoch-Eaton, John Sandars
Oct 29, 2015·Teaching and Learning in Medicine·Amy HaytonLawrence K Loo
Jul 29, 2017·Teaching and Learning in Medicine·Maryam AlizadehHooman Shahsavari
Jan 4, 2019·Health Promotion International·Evelyne de Leeuw
Mar 17, 2020·Teaching and Learning in Medicine·Kelly GillinghamFelicity Goodyear-Smith
Mar 17, 2020·Journal of Primary Health Care·Liza LackFelicity Goodyear-Smith
Jun 26, 2020·Advances in Medical Education and Practice·Salah Eldin KassabMarwan Abu-Hijleh
Sep 10, 2017·BMC Medical Education·Nomy DickmanDavid Karasik
May 16, 2019·BMC Medical Education·Weeratian Tawanwongsri, Tharin Phenwan
May 6, 2017·TheScientificWorldJournal·Shahnaz KarimiMajid Najafi Kalyani
Jul 27, 2018·Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development·John W MurphyChristian Schlaerth
Nov 4, 2020·Medical Education·Lior RozentalOrit Karnieli-Miller

Related Concepts

Clinical Skill
Education, Medical
Problem Solving (Mental Process)
Students, Medical

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