PMID: 38776Jun 1, 1979

Factors affecting the activity and stability of the palmitoyl-coenzyme A hydrolase of rat brain

The Biochemical Journal
T E Knauer

Abstract

Palmitoyl-CoA hydrolase (EC 3.1.2.2) catalyses the irreversible hydrolysis of long-chain acyl-CoA thioesters. This enzyme is found primarily in the postmicrosomal supernatant fraction prepared from homogenates of rat brain. Either of two forms of the hydrolase, a lower-molecular-weight species of approx. 70000 or a higher-molecular-weight species of approx. 130000 can be isolated by gel filtration. The higher-molecular-weight form is obtained from columns of Sephadex G-200 eluted with buffer containing 10mum-palmitoyl-CoA or 20% (v/v) glycerol, whereas the lower-molecular-weight form is obtained when the eluting buffer does not contain palmitoyl-CoA or glycerol. The two forms of the hydrolase have the same pH optimum of 7.5, are equally sensitive to the thiol-blocking reagents p-hydroxymercuribenzoate, HgCl(2), and 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid), and exhibit the same K(m) (1.8mum) with palmitoyl-CoA as substrate. The two forms differ in the availability or reactivity of certain external thiol groups, as determined by covalent chromatography with activated thiol Sepharose. Dilute solutions of the lower-molecular-weight form of the hydrolase rapidly lose activity (50% in 60min at 0 degrees C), but there is no change in the ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

4-hydroxymercuribenzoate
Sephadex G 200
Covalent Interaction
Glycerin
Palmitoyl Coenzyme A
Chromatography
Brain
Thiolester Hydrolases
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Supernatant

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