PMID: 36166May 10, 1979

Factors affecting the hydrolysis of ceramide-3 by alpha-galactosidase A from human liver

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
A W SchramJ M Tager

Abstract

1. The effect of detergents on the catalytic properties of alpha-galactosidase from human liver was studied using p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactoside and galactosyl-alpha(1 leads to 4)-galactosyl-beta(1 leads to 4)-glucosylceramide (ceramide-3) as substrates. 2. The hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactoside by alpha-galactosidase was inhibited by commercial preparations of sodium taurocholate and by taurocholate purified from these preparations by thin-layer chromatography. The extent of inhibition was dependent on the concentration of the detergent and on the amount of protein present. The impurities present in the preparation also inhibited the hydrolysis. 3. The inhibition of taurocholate preparations of p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactoside hydrolysis was pH-dependent. 4. The inhibition by taurocholate of p-nitrophenyl-alpha-galactoside hydrolysis can be partly overcome by adding glycosphingolipids. 5. No significant hydrolysis of ceramide-3 occurs in the absence of detergent. Upon adding increasing concentrations of taurocholate, the rate of hydrolysis increases to a maximum value. At still higher taurocholate concentrations the activity decreases. 6. The concentrations of taurocholate giving a maximal rate of hydrolysis of cera...Continue Reading

Citations

Jan 1, 1979·Human Genetics·K Sandhoff, H Christomanou

Related Concepts

Beano
Ceramides
Red Cell Ghost
Galactosidase
Glycolipids
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Liver
Taurocholic Acid, (7 beta)-Isomer

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