DOI: 10.1101/482901Nov 29, 2018Paper

Factors Associated with Risk Of HIV-Infection Among Pregnant Women in Cameroon: Evidence from the 2016 National Sentinel Surveillance Survey of HIV and syphilis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jean de Dieu AnoubissiJean-Bosco Elat Nfetam


Background Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection (HIV) remains a public health concern in Cameroon that requires regular surveillance for informed policy-making to guide programmatic interventions. Using data from the 2016 HIV national sentinel survey in Cameroon, we ascertained HIV prevalence and factors associated with risk of infection among pregnant women Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted throughout 2016 in the 10 regions of Cameroon, targeting 7000 first antenatal care (ANC-1) attendees (4000 from urban and 3000 from rural localities) in 60 sentinel sites. HIV serological test was performed using serial algorithm at the National Reference Laboratory (NRL). Prevalence was determined, and multivariate logistic regression was used to assess determinants of HIV infection, with p-value<0.05 considered statistically significant. Results Of the 7000 targeted participants, a total of 6859 first ANC-1 attendees were enrolled (98.0% sampling coverage). Median age was 26 [IQR: 21-30] years and 47,40% had a secondary school level of education. The national prevalence of HIV was 5.70% 95% CI: 4.93 – 6.4), with 5.58% (218/3932) (95% CI: 95%: 4.88 – 6.35) in urban and 5.87% (95% CI: 5.04 – 6.78) in rural settings. Factors as...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Cross-Sectional Studies
HIV Infections
Pregnant Women
Prenatal Care
Serologic Tests
Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection With Specified Infections
Rural Area

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