Oct 1, 1976

Factors contributing to intra-individual variation of serum constituents: Physiological day-to-day variation in concentrations of 10 specific proteins in sera of healthy subjects

Clinical Chemistry
B E StatlandL M Killingsworth


Using an automated immunoprecipitin method, we assayed human sera for 10 proteins: haptoglobin, orosomucoid, transferrin, alpha1 antitrypsin, alpha2-macroglobulin, IgG, IGa, IgM, complement C3, and complement C4. Blood from 14 healthy subjects (25-40y) was sampled on six separate days. From each venipuncture serum was divided into four eliquots; two were assayed on the day of venipuncture and two were frozen and kept until the end of the study, when all of the frozen samples were analyzed in one batch. With this experimental design, batch-to-batch analytical variation could be estimated, and we avoided confounding it with the biological variation. Data analysis was based on the analysis of variance technique. The average physiological intra-individual coefficient of variation ranged from 2.5% for transferrin to 11.1% for orosomucoid. THe interindividual variation ranged from 9.5% for transferrin to 70.5% for haptoglobin and the ratio between intra-individual variation and interindividual variation ranged from 0.66 for IgM to 0.26 for orosomucoid and transferrin.

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Mentioned in this Paper

HP gene
Macro-Creatine Kinase
Gamma-glutamyl transferase
Serum Proteins

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