Dec 1, 1975

Factors influencing detection and enumeration of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by most-probable-number and membrane filtration techniques

Applied Microbiology

Abstract

Most-probable-number (MPN) and membrane filtration (mF) techniques were evaluated with respect to selectivity, sensitivity, and efficiency in recovering Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains in hospital fluids and extramural water environments. Known numbers of cells of a naturally occurring strain of P. aeruginosa maintained in distilled water or cells subcultured on Standard Methods agar were added to test samples containing various types and levels of background microbial contamiants. Environmental samples containing unknown numbers of P. aeruginosa strains also were tested. Asparagine and acetamide broths were employed as presumptive media in MPN tests, and mPA and Pseudosel agars were used in mF assays. Statistical analyses of data showed the superiority and comparability of the asparagine-MPN and mPA-mF systems. Greater precision and accuracy were consistently obtained in either assay technique by the use of naturally occurring cells as test organisms. The type of filter and nature of diluents employed, as well as pH of assay media, were found to greatly influence both recovery and developemnt of characteristic colonial morphology in the mPA-mF system.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Asparagine
Wolffian Tumor
Filtration
Environmental Sludge
Agar
Acetamides
Bacteriological Techniques
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Millipore Filters
Hospitals

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