Jun 1, 1989

Factors influencing proliferation and histamine content of cultured human bone marrow cells

S BrantschenB M Stadler


Various human lymphokines such as semipurified human interleukin 3 (IL 3), recombinant human IL 3, granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), and recombinant human interleukin 4 (IL 4) stimulated growth of human bone marrow cells, but from all these factors tested, only IL 3 by itself was able to cause an increase in histamine content. Fibroblast monolayers as well as factors in their supernatants also increased proliferation and histamine content of bone marrow cells. Concentrated supernatants (Mr greater than 10,000) also inhibited cell proliferation and induced histamine content. The same fraction concentrated on a Mr cut-off greater than 50,000 enhanced cell growth and the total histamine content per culture. Thus, fibroblast supernatants contained both growth promoting and inhibitory factors. However, using the rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cell line as a test system for such fibroblast-derived differentiation factors, we showed that if cell proliferation was inhibited, histamine content was also enhanced. Furthermore, certain drugs known to inhibit cell division, such as sodium butyrate or hydroxyurea, were also found to cause an increase in histamine content of RBL cells. Thus, our data demonstrate that basophil/mast...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Histamine Measurement
Acute Basophilic Leukemia
IL3 gene
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Cell Division
Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor Measurement

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