Jul 1, 1984

Factors influencing the cholinesterases of cerebrospinal fluid in the anaesthetized cat

Neuroscience
M VogtL D Fuenmayor

Abstract

Both acetylcholinesterase and non-specific cholinesterase are found in cerebrospinal fluid and blood plasma of the cat; the ratio of activities acetylcholinesterase/non-specific cholinesterase is about 1.5 in cerebrospinal fluid and 0.15 in plasma. A search was made for factors capable of influencing the concentration of the two cholinesterases in cerebrospinal fluid. Either the ventricular system was perfused with artificial cerebrospinal fluid from a lateral ventricle to the aqueduct, or the atlanto-occipital membrane was punctured and cerebrospinal fluid was collected continuously from the cisterna magna. Factors studied included: (a) procedures affecting the composition or formation of cerebrospinal fluid, such as changes in the ionic constituents of the perfusate, the inhibition of cerebrospinal fluid formation by acetazolamide or ouabain, or the rapid intra-carotid infusion of hypertonic urea; (b) arousal (noise or stimulation of the central ends of the sciatic nerves), or deepening of anaesthesia; (c) changes in blood pressure; (d) central stimulants and depressants, pyrogens, prostaglandins, antagonists of acetylcholine. Whereas most procedures or drugs tested increased the concentration of acetylcholinesterase, some ce...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Methylatropine
Blood - Brain Barrier Anatomy
Amphetamine
Structure of Sciatic Nerve
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Diabutal
Circulatory System
Atlantooccipital Membrane
Ethyl Ethers
Structure of Cisterna Magna

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