Jan 1, 1976

Factors of importance for the degree of ischemic injury in the isolated rat heart

Acta Medica Scandinavica. Supplementum
A P Waldenstrõm, A C Hjalmarson

Abstract

Isolated working rat hearts were made ischemic by introducing a one-way aortic ball valve. After the ischemic period the hearts were perfused in a retrograde non-working way for 30 min. Flow rates, glycogen, ATP, and creatine-phosphate went down during the time of ischemia, whereas tissue lactate accumulated. For shorter periods of ischemia these values were normalized but after 30 min of ischemia the hearts seemed to be irreversibly damaged. There was a leakage of GOT, GPT, LDH, and CPK from all hearts when ischemic from 5 to 30 min. Different factors that might be of importance for the degree of ischemic injury were tested. The injury tended to be more severe at higher heart rates. Addition of adrenaline 10(-6)M resulted in excessive myocardial damage. A variation of pH from 7.1 to 7.7 did not alter the effects of the ischemic injury. One group of rats were injected with adrenaline for 8 weeks to simulate chronic stress. When hearts from these rats were made ischemic they were more prone to fail compared to controls. The failing hearts, on the other hand, had a lower leakage of enzymes, possibly due to a less severe myocardial damage. A high mechanical performance and a normal noradrenaline content of the hearts are key facto...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Ischemia
Neoton
Lactate
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Extravasation
Perfusion
Myocardium
Phosphate Measurement
Myocardial Infarction

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.