Factors related to participation in paid work after organ transplantation: perceptions of kidney transplant recipients

Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Nazanin NourHeather Ross

Abstract

Following kidney transplantation, recipients often have difficulty returning to meaningful occupations, including paid employment. The purpose of the current study was to describe the sociodemographic profile of kidney transplant recipients at a major Canadian Transplant Centre and to identify factors perceived to affect participation in paid work post-transplant. Of the 530 kidney recipients who had received a kidney transplant at our facility between 2003 and 2008, 144 recipients were randomly selected, and mailed a questionnaire. There were 60 returned questionnaires (41.7 % response rate). The average age of responders was 49.4 years and the majority were male (68.3 %). While the rate of employment decreased significantly (p = 0.00) from 68.3 % pre- to 38.3 % post-transplant, retirement rates increased significantly (p = 0.00) from 8.3 % pre- to 18.3 % post-transplant. The responders, who were not working post-transplant, more likely lived alone (p = 0.05), had a lower level of education (p = 0.02), and had lower perceived emotional (p = 0.00) and physical (p = 0.00) health status compared to those who returned to work post-transplant. Gender, donor type, age, and post-transplant complications did not differ (p > 0.05) betw...Continue Reading

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