Failure of drugs that selectively inhibit thromboxane synthesis to modify endotoxin shock in conscious rats

British Journal of Pharmacology
B L FurmanJ R Parratt


The effects of two thromboxane synthetase inhibitors ( dazoxiben and UK 38485) were investigated on the cardiovascular and metabolic effects of Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion in the conscious, unrestrained rat. Infusion of E. coli endotoxin (41.7 ng kg-1 min-1) for 4 h produced a fall in mean arterial pressure, an increase in heart rate, a transient hyperglycaemia (at 1 h) followed by hypoglycaemia (evident at 6 h), an elevation in plasma lactate and a profound thrombocytopenia. The above changes were accompanied by a marked elevation in plasma thromboxane B2 concentrations (e.g. endotoxin-treated 935 +/- 150 pg ml-1 at 1 h compared with pre-endotoxin values of 125 +/- 30 pg ml-1). The administration of either dazoxiben (30 mg kg-1 i.v., given 30 min before starting the endotoxin infusion) or UK 38485 (15 mg kg-1 given 30 min before, and again 4 h after, starting the endotoxin infusion) prevented the rise in plasma thromboxane B2 concentrations. Neither dazoxiben nor UK 38485 prevented the metabolic, cardiovascular or thrombocytopenic effects of endotoxin and did not modify mortality. These results suggest that, although large amounts of thromboxane are generated in response to endotoxin, they do not play an important role...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1978·Annual Review of Biochemistry·B SamuelssonC Malmsten
Aug 1, 1969·The American Journal of Physiology·C V GreenwayR D Stark
Dec 1, 1950·Journal of Applied Physiology·G BRECHER, E P CRONKITE


Jan 1, 1988·Molecular Aspects of Medicine·N C OlsonC E McCall
Jul 1, 1988·Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology·L M Al-Jibouri, R A Najim
Apr 1, 1991·Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids·T MózesI L Bonta

Related Concepts

UK 37248-01
UK 38,485
Blood Glucose
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Pulse Rate
Platelet Count Measurement

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.