Failure of inhibition of lipid peroxidation by vitamin E to protect against gentamicin nephrotoxicity in the rat

Biochemical Pharmacology
L RamsammyG J Kaloyanides

Abstract

We tested the hypothesis that accelerated lipid peroxidation, possibly at the level of the lysosome, is linked causally to the pathogenesis of aminoglycoside nephrotoxicity by investigating whether administration of vitamin E would inhibit lipid peroxidation and prevent or ameliorate gentamicin-induced proximal tubular cell injury. Five groups of rats were injected with either saline, vitamin E (600 mg/kg per day) for 6 days, gentamicin (100 mg/kg per day) for 6 days, vitamin E for 6 days plus gentamicin for 6 days or vitamin E for 12 days and gentamicin for the last 6 days. Gentamicin alone induced a 16% increase in renal cortical phospholipids; vitamin E had no significant effect on this change. Gentamicin alone caused accelerated lipid peroxidation evident by a doubling of renal cortical malondialdehyde to 1.23 nmol/mg protein, and a sharp decline of esterified polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially arachidonic acid which fell 43%. These changes were accompanied by depressions of superoxide dismutase, catalase, and total glutathione and a shift from reduced to oxidized glutathione. Concurrent treatment of rats with vitamin E plus gentamicin for 6 days had no significant effect on the gentamicin-induced alterations of malond...Continue Reading

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