Feb 1, 1991

Failure of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) infusion to promote growth in protein-restricted rats despite normalization of serum IGF-I concentrations

Endocrinology
J P ThissenJ M Ketelslegers

Abstract

Dietary protein restriction in young rats induces GH resistance characterized by growth arrest and low serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) concentrations. To determine whether the low serum IGF-I concentrations are responsible for the stunted growth, we infused 4-week-old protein-restricted rats with recombinant human IGF-I (300 micrograms/day) or rat GH (200 micrograms/100 g body wt/day) by osmotic minipump for 1 week. Despite the normalization of serum IGF-I concentrations by IGF-I infusion, carcass growth was not stimulated. In contrast, growth of the spleen and kidney was enhanced (+45% and +28%, respectively). Serum IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3), the principal carrier of IGF-I in the serum at this age, is decreased by 34% in protein-restricted animals and restored to normal by IGF-I infusion. Contrary to the selective effects of IGF-I on growth of protein-restricted rats, well nourished hypophysectomized rats infused with 150 micrograms/day recombinant human IGF-I showed a significant growth response, including carcass and organ growth and normalization of IGFBP-3 values. These responses indicate that our IGF-I preparation and mode of delivery were effective. We conclude that: 1) dietary protein restriction causes...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Growth Hormone Activity
Spleen
Igfbp3
August Rats
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3
Protein Deficiency
Recombinants
Growth Hormone Measurement
Organ Growth

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