DOI: 10.1101/502989Dec 20, 2018Paper

Family-specific genotype arrays increase the accuracy of pedigree based imputation at very low marker densities

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Andrew WhalenGregor Gorjanc

Abstract

In this paper we evaluate the performance of using a family-specific low-density genotype arrays to increase the accuracy of pedigree based imputation. Genotype imputation is a widely used tool that decreases the costs of genotyping a population by genotyping the majority of individuals using a low-density array and using statistical regularities between the low-density and high-density individuals to fill in the missing genotypes. Previous work on population based imputation has found that it is possible to increase the accuracy of imputation by maximizing the number of informative markers on an array. In the context of pedigree based imputation, where the informativeness of a marker depends only on the genotypes of an individual's parents, it may be beneficial to select the markers on each low-density array on a family-by-family basis. In this paper we examined four family-specific low-density marker selection strategies, and evaluated their performance in the context of a real pig breeding dataset. We found that family-specific or sire-specific arrays could increase imputation accuracy by 0.11 at 1 marker per chromosome, by 0.027 at 25 markers per chromosome and by 0.007 at 100 markers per chromosome. These results suggest t...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Biological Markers
Breeding
Chromosomes
Family suidae
Population Group
Genotype Determination
Array

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