Apr 12, 2020

Cdk5 and GSK3β inhibit Fast Endophilin-Mediated Endocytosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Antonio P A FerreiraEmmanuel Boucrot

Abstract

Endocytosis mediates the cellular uptake of micronutrients and cell surface proteins. Parallel to Clathrin-mediated endocytosis, additional Clathrin-independent endocytic routes exist, including fast Endophilin-mediated endocytosis (FEME). The latter is not constitutively active but requires the activation of selected receptors. In cell culture, however, the high levels of growth factors in the regular culture media induce spontaneous FEME, which can be suppressed upon serum starvation. Thus, we predicted a role for protein kinases in this growth factor receptor-mediated regulation of the pathway. Using chemical and genetic inhibition, we found that Cdk5 and GSK3{beta} are negative regulators of FEME. Their inhibition was sufficient to activate FEME promptly in resting cells and boosted the production of endocytic carriers containing {beta}1-adrenergic receptor, following dobutamine addition. We established that the kinases suppress FEME at several levels. They control Dynamin-1 and Dynein recruitment and sorting of cargo receptors such as Plexin A1 and ROBO1 into FEME carriers. They do so by antagonizing the binding of Endophilin to Dynamin-1 as well as to Collapsin response mediator protein 4 (CRMP4), a Plexin A1 adaptor. Cdk...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Single-Cell Analysis
Genes
Transcription, Genetic
Anatomical Landmark
Gene Expression Profiling
Analysis
Assay
Transcript
RNA
Cell Cluster

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