Fast neutron therapy at Edinburgh: staff protection

The British Journal of Radiology
D E Bonnett


The major hazards encountered by staff using neutrons for radiotherapy are discussed. Specific reference is made to the experience gained at the MRC Cyclotron Unit at the Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, using neutrons generated by the d(15 MeV) + Be reaction. The neutron therapy facility consists of a cyclotron and both a fixed horizontal and an isocentric therapy beam, and staff protection during five years' operation is reviewed. Levels of induced activity in the cyclotron and therapy equipment are reported and problems of radioactive contamination discussed. Summaries of whole-body and finger dose equivalents received by engineering staff, and of whole-body dose equivalents received by physics and radiography staff, are presented and analysed. It is shown that, although doses received by staff are higher than for staff in an X-ray facility, they are all well below the maximum permissible levels, and it is also concluded that radioactive contamination of staff is minimal.


Mar 1, 1979·The British Journal of Radiology·J R WilliamsC J Parnell
Aug 1, 1978·Health Physics·J B SmathersP S Sandel
Jan 1, 1980·The British Journal of Radiology·D E BonnettC J Parnell


Apr 1, 1992·The British Journal of Radiology·J Finch, D E Bonnett
Jan 1, 1988·The British Journal of Radiology·D E BonnettD K Bewley

Related Concepts

Environmental Exposure
Facility Design and Construction
Fast Neutrons
Nuclear Medicine Department, Hospital
Gray Units
Radiation Protection
Radiotherapy, Megavolt

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.