Fast robust automated brain extraction

Human Brain Mapping
Stephen M Smith

Abstract

An automated method for segmenting magnetic resonance head images into brain and non-brain has been developed. It is very robust and accurate and has been tested on thousands of data sets from a wide variety of scanners and taken with a wide variety of MR sequences. The method, Brain Extraction Tool (BET), uses a deformable model that evolves to fit the brain's surface by the application of a set of locally adaptive model forces. The method is very fast and requires no preregistration or other pre-processing before being applied. We describe the new method and give examples of results and the results of extensive quantitative testing against "gold-standard" hand segmentations, and two other popular automated methods.

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Citations

Jan 5, 2011·Archives of General Psychiatry·Christopher S CulbertsonArthur L Brody
Jan 4, 2012·Archives of General Psychiatry·Christine Wu NordahlDavid G Amaral
Jun 15, 2011·Archives of Neurology·Jennifer L WhitwellKeith A Josephs
Jul 9, 2008·Archives of General Psychiatry·Kent E HutchisonFrancesca Filbey
Mar 22, 2006·Psychopharmacology·Clare L LittlewoodSteven C R Williams
Aug 29, 2006·Psychopharmacology·Francesco MussoGeorg Winterer
Jul 9, 2009·Psychopharmacology·Ray NorburyPhilip J Cowen
Sep 3, 2010·Psychopharmacology·Nancy B RawlingsCatherine J Harmer
Sep 1, 2006·Experimental Brain Research·Stephanie C MansonPaul M Matthews
Feb 5, 2010·Experimental Brain Research·Jane E AspellOliver J Braddick
Jan 8, 2013·Neuroradiology·Teemu PaavilainenRiitta Parkkola
Jun 25, 2013·Pediatric Radiology·Virva LepomäkiUNKNOWN PIPARI study group
Nov 2, 2012·European Radiology·Benjamin S AribisalaJoanna M Wardlaw
Mar 25, 2011·European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience·Guillermo HorgaMonte S Buchsbaum
Jun 8, 2012·European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience·John McFarlandColm McDonald
Mar 16, 2007·Journal of Neurology·Massimiliano CalabresePaolo Gallo
May 18, 2012·Journal of Neurology·Oliver C SingerJohannes C Klein
Feb 12, 2009·Brain Structure & Function·Roberto ToroTomás Paus
Jul 29, 2009·Brain Structure & Function·Christiana M LeonardChristine Chiarello
Oct 20, 2010·Brain Structure & Function·C EchávarriS Burgmans
May 11, 2012·Brain Structure & Function·Ilyse D LaxMargot J Taylor
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Oct 26, 2012·Brain Structure & Function·Jacqueline Cummine, Carol A Boliek
Sep 18, 2009·Dysphagia·Georgia A MalandrakiDimitrios C Karampinos
Feb 23, 2012·Journal of Digital Imaging·Dwarikanath Mahapatra

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