Aug 1, 1996

Fast, very fast, and ultra-fast gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of thermally labile steroids, carbamates, and drugs in supersonic molecular beams

Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
S Dagan, Aviv Amirav


Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analyses of thermally labile compounds have been studied by using a short column fast gas chromatograph, coupled with fly-through electron ionization in supersonic molecular beams. Thirty-two compounds, which include steroids, carbamate pesticides, antibiotic drugs, and other pharmaceutical compounds, have been analyzed and the details of their GC-MS analysis are provided. The ability to analyze thermally labile compounds is discussed in relation to the speed of analysis. A new term, "speed enhancement factor" (SEF), is defined as the product of column length reduction and the carrier gas linear velocity increase, as compared with normal GC-MS conditions. Fast, very fast, and ultra-fast GC-MS are defined with a SEF in the ranges of 5-30, 30-400, and 400-4000, respectively. Trade-offs in the degree of dissociation, speed, gas chromatograph resolution, and sensitivity were studied and examined with thermally labile molecules. The experimental factors that affect the dissociation are described with emphasis on its reduction. We claim that the use of supersonic molecular beams for sampling and ionization provides the ultimate capability in the GC-MS of thermally labile compounds. The obt...Continue Reading

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