PMID: 7087539Jul 1, 1982Paper

Fate of indium 111-labeled platelets during cardiopulmonary bypass performed with membrane and bubble oxygenators

The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
K A PetersonM P Kaye

Abstract

To elucidate the effects of bubble and membrane oxygenators on platelet integrity, we developed a quantitative method of determining platelet lysis during cardiopulmonary bypass. Two groups of dogs whose platelets had been labeled with indium 111 were subjected to 1 hour of cardiopulmonary bypass. In Group A (bubble oxygenator), platelet lysis as measured by free plasma 111In levels increased from 6% +/- 1% to 33% +/- 7% during bypass. In Group B (membrane oxygenator), plasma 111In levels increased from 5% +/- 2% to 10% +/- 6% during bypass (p less than 0.01). After 1 hour of bypass, the ratio of 111In-labeled platelets to prebypass levels was 36% +/- 8% in Group A and 67% +/- 9% in Group B. Platelet deposition on the oxygenator was greater in bubble oxygenators (19% +/- 4% of total injected 111In) than in membrane oxygenators (12% +/- 3% of total injected 111In). These data indicated that membrane oxygenators maintain a higher circulating platelet count both intraoperatively and postoperatively and result in less platelet destruction than bubble oxygenators following 1 hour of cardiopulmonary bypass in dogs.

Related Concepts

Blood Platelets
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Canis familiaris
Hemodilution
Indium
Oxygenators
Oxygenators, Membrane
Blood Plasma Volume
Platelet Count Measurement
Radioisotopes

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