PMID: 7087539Jul 1, 1982Paper

Fate of indium 111-labeled platelets during cardiopulmonary bypass performed with membrane and bubble oxygenators

The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
K A PetersonM P Kaye


To elucidate the effects of bubble and membrane oxygenators on platelet integrity, we developed a quantitative method of determining platelet lysis during cardiopulmonary bypass. Two groups of dogs whose platelets had been labeled with indium 111 were subjected to 1 hour of cardiopulmonary bypass. In Group A (bubble oxygenator), platelet lysis as measured by free plasma 111In levels increased from 6% +/- 1% to 33% +/- 7% during bypass. In Group B (membrane oxygenator), plasma 111In levels increased from 5% +/- 2% to 10% +/- 6% during bypass (p less than 0.01). After 1 hour of bypass, the ratio of 111In-labeled platelets to prebypass levels was 36% +/- 8% in Group A and 67% +/- 9% in Group B. Platelet deposition on the oxygenator was greater in bubble oxygenators (19% +/- 4% of total injected 111In) than in membrane oxygenators (12% +/- 3% of total injected 111In). These data indicated that membrane oxygenators maintain a higher circulating platelet count both intraoperatively and postoperatively and result in less platelet destruction than bubble oxygenators following 1 hour of cardiopulmonary bypass in dogs.

Related Concepts

Blood Platelets
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Canis familiaris
Oxygenators, Membrane
Blood Plasma Volume
Platelet Count Measurement

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Torsion Dystonia

Torsion dystonia is a movement disorder characterized by loss of control of voluntary movements appearing as sustained muscle contractions and/or abnormal postures. Here is the latest research.

Archaeal RNA Polymerase

Archaeal RNA polymerases are most similar to eukaryotic RNA polymerase II but require the support of only two archaeal general transcription factors, TBP (TATA-box binding protein) and TFB (archaeal homologue of the eukaryotic general transcription factor TFIIB) to initiate basal transcription. Here is the latest research on archaeal RNA polymerases.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.