PMID: 8292744Sep 1, 1993

Fatty acid beta-oxidation-dependent bioactivation of halogenated thiaalkanoic acids in isolated rat hepatocytes

Chemical Research in Toxicology
M E Fitzsimmons, M W Anders

Abstract

5,6-Dichloro-4-thia-5-hexenoic acid (DCTH), the desamino analog of the nephrotoxic cysteine S-conjugate S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine, is toxic to liver and kidney mitochondria. The mechanism by which DCTH produces mitochondrial dysfunction has not been defined. The objective of the present experiments was to test the hypothesis that DCTH is bioactivated by the mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation system to cytotoxic intermediates. Incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with DCTH produced a time- and concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability. The even-chain, elongated analog 7,8-dichloro-6-thia-7-octenoic acid was also cytotoxic, whereas the odd-chain-length analogs 6,7-dichloro-5-thia-6-heptenoic acid and 8,9-dichloro-7-thia-8-nonenoic acid were not. Sodium benzoate reduced the cytotoxicity of DCTH, indicating a role for coenzyme A in the bioactivation of DCTH. DCTH decreased cellular ATP concentrations, the cellular energy charge, and cellular glutathione concentrations; these changes preceded the decrease in cell viability, indicating that mitochondrial dysfunction may be an early event in DCTH-induced cytotoxicity. 6-Chloro-5,5,6-trifluoro-4-thiahexanoic acid and 5,6,7,8,8-pentachloro-4-thia-5,7-octadienoic a...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Caprylic acid, zirconium salt
Benzoate
Metabolic Biotransformation
Octanoic Acids
Carboxylic Acids
Cell Survival
Extracellular Space
Saturated Fat
Reduced Glutathione
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated

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