PMID: 8292744Sep 1, 1993

Fatty acid beta-oxidation-dependent bioactivation of halogenated thiaalkanoic acids in isolated rat hepatocytes

Chemical Research in Toxicology
M E Fitzsimmons, M W Anders


5,6-Dichloro-4-thia-5-hexenoic acid (DCTH), the desamino analog of the nephrotoxic cysteine S-conjugate S-(1,2-dichlorovinyl)-L-cysteine, is toxic to liver and kidney mitochondria. The mechanism by which DCTH produces mitochondrial dysfunction has not been defined. The objective of the present experiments was to test the hypothesis that DCTH is bioactivated by the mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation system to cytotoxic intermediates. Incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with DCTH produced a time- and concentration-dependent decrease in cell viability. The even-chain, elongated analog 7,8-dichloro-6-thia-7-octenoic acid was also cytotoxic, whereas the odd-chain-length analogs 6,7-dichloro-5-thia-6-heptenoic acid and 8,9-dichloro-7-thia-8-nonenoic acid were not. Sodium benzoate reduced the cytotoxicity of DCTH, indicating a role for coenzyme A in the bioactivation of DCTH. DCTH decreased cellular ATP concentrations, the cellular energy charge, and cellular glutathione concentrations; these changes preceded the decrease in cell viability, indicating that mitochondrial dysfunction may be an early event in DCTH-induced cytotoxicity. 6-Chloro-5,5,6-trifluoro-4-thiahexanoic acid and 5,6,7,8,8-pentachloro-4-thia-5,7-octadienoic a...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Caprylic acid, zirconium salt
Metabolic Biotransformation
Octanoic Acids
Carboxylic Acids
Cell Survival
Extracellular Space
Saturated Fat
Reduced Glutathione
Hydrocarbons, Chlorinated

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, as well as fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.


Trichotillomania is an impulse control disorder characterized by the recurrent pulling of one's hair resulting in noticeable hair loss. Here are the latest discoveries in this field.

DDX3X Syndrome

DDX3X syndrome is caused by a spontaneous mutation at conception that primarily affects females due to its location on the X-chromosome. DDX3X syndrome has been linked to intellectual disabilities, seizures, autism, low muscle tone, brain abnormalities, and slower physical developments. Here is the latest research.