Fatty acid-binding proteins and fatty acid synthase influence glial reactivity and promote the formation of Müller glia-derived progenitor cells in the avian retina

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
W. CampbellAndy J Fischer

Abstract

The capacity for retinal regeneration varies greatly across vertebrates species. A recent comparative epigenetic and transcriptomic investigation of Muller glial (MG) in the retinas of fish, birds and mice revealed that Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) are among the most highly up-regulated genes in activated chick MG (Hoang et al., 2020). Herein we provide an in-depth follow-up investigation to describe patterns of expression and how FABPs and fatty acid synthase (FASN) influence glial cells in the chick retina. During development, FABP7 is highly expressed by embryonic retinal progenitor cells (eRPCs) and maturing MG, whereas FABP5 is gradually up-regulated in maturing MG and remains elevated in mature glial cells. PMP2 (FABP8) is expressed by oligodendrocytes and FABP5 is expressed by non-astrocytic inner retinal glial cells, and both of these FABPs are significantly up-regulated in activated MG in damaged or growth factor-treated retinas. In addition to suppressing the formation of MGPCs, we find that FABP-inhibition suppressed the accumulation of proliferating microglia, although the microglia appeared highly reactive. scRNA-seq analyses of cells treated with FABP-inhibitor revealed distinct changes in patterns of expre...Continue Reading

Methods Mentioned

BETA
scRNA-seq
scRNA seq
chips

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