DOI: 10.1101/493791Dec 12, 2018Paper

FBXO45-MYCBP2 regulates mitotic cell fate by targeting FBXW7 for degradation

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Ingrid HoffmannBarbara Vodicska

Abstract

Cell fate decision upon prolonged mitotic arrest induced by microtubule targeting agents depends on the activity of the tumor suppressor and F-box protein FBXW7. FBXW7 promotes mitotic cell death and prevents premature escape from mitosis through mitotic slippage. Mitotic slippage is a process that can cause chemoresistance and tumor relapse. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms that regulate the balance between mitotic cell death and mitotic slippage is an important task. Here we report that FBXW7 protein levels markedly decline during extended mitotic arrest. FBXO45 binds to a conserved acidic N-terminal motif of FBXW7 specifically under a prolonged delay in mitosis, leading to ubiquitylation and subsequent proteasomal degradation of FBXW7 by the FBXO45-MYCBP2 E3 ubiquitin ligase. Moreover, we find that FBXO45-MYCBP2 counteracts FBXW7 in that it promotes mitotic slippage and prevents cell death in mitosis. Targeting this interaction represents a promising strategy to prevent chemotherapy resistance.

Related Concepts

Acids
Cell Death
Equilibrium
Microtubules
Mitosis
Neoplasms
Ubiquitin-protein ligase
Tumor Suppressor Genes
Decision
FBXW7 protein, human

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