DOI: 10.1101/19009233Oct 18, 2019Paper

Female genital schistosomiasis and reproductive tract infections. A cross-sectional study in rural adolescents in South Africa

MedRxiv : the Preprint Server for Health Sciences
J. D. ShuklaE F Kjetland

Abstract

Background and objectives: The aim of the current study was to establish the relative prevalences of Female Genital Schistosomiasis (FGS) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We hypothesised that due to the use of syndromic management for STIs it is possible that FGS is being misdiagnosed and mismanaged as an STI. We therefore wanted to examine the relationship between FGS and the individual STIs in schistosomiasis endemic areas. Methods: Between 2011 and 2013, a cross-sectional study was performed in 32 randomly selected secondary schools in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, where each school had at least 300 pupils. In a research clinic, FGS diagnosis, STI testing, and face-to-face interviews were performed in sexually active, young women aged 16 - 22 years. Results: FGS was the second most prevalent current genital infection (23%). There were significantly more women who had presented FGS among those who had detectable urinary schistosomiasis (35%), compared to those without (19%, p< 0.001). In the FGS positive group 35% were positive for HPV infection, compared to 24 % in the FGS negative group (p=0.010). In the FGS positive group 37% were sero-positive for HSV infection, compared to 30% in the FGS negative group (p...Continue Reading

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