Femtosecond laser photodisruption of human trabecular meshwork: an in vitro study

Experimental Eye Research
Sami ToyranDeepak P Edward


The goal of this in vitro study was to test the feasibility of using femtosecond (fsec) laser pulses to fistulize the human trabecular meshwork (TM), and to determine the minimum exposure time and energy dosage needed to create an ablation channel. Corneo-scleral rims were obtained from tissue used for penetrating keratoplasty. Four millimeter tissue strips hydrated in Optisol-GS were used to create partial thickness fistulas in the human TM by focusing a Ti:Sapphire laser beam (45 fsec, 1 kHz, 800 nm) with various pulse energies (7.2 and 14.4 microJ) and exposure times (0.25, 0.5, 1, and 2 sec) on the inner surface of the TM. Two-photon images of the lesions were obtained with a multiphoton microscope, using an ultrafast Ti:Sapphire light source. In addition, sections of fixed tissue were examined by light microscopy. Diameters and lengths of the lesions were determined from the hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stained sections, and the collagen structure surrounding the lesion was evaluated from the two-photon images. All selected time points (except for 0.25 sec) and energies achieved the desired photodisruption of the TM. Incisions created with 0.5 sec/14.4 microJ irradiation appeared to be the most suitable because they were ab...Continue Reading


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