Jun 1, 1981

Ferricyanide Reduction in Photosystem II of Spinach Chloroplasts

Plant Physiology
R Barr, F L Crane


Ferricyanide can be reduced in Photosystem II of spinach chloroplasts at 2 separate sites, both of which are sensitive to 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea, but only one of which is sensitive to dibromothymoquinone. Data presented in this paper emphasize ferricyanide site II of Photosystem II, which is sensitive to thiol inhibition and may reflect a cyclic pathway around Photosystem II. Ferricyanide reduction sites 1 and 2 also differ from each other in fractions isolated from discontinuous sucrose gradients, from fragmented chloroplasts, and upon trypsin treatment. Sucrose density gradient centrifugation shows that ferricyanide reduction site 1 activity at pH 6 decreases from 30 to 50% in various isolated fractions, while the dibromothymoquinone-insensitive activity at pH 8 (site 2) is stimulated from 15 to 35%.Fragmentation of chloroplasts also stimulates ferricyanide site II activity, but trypsin treatment destroys ferricyanide reduction site II completely in 6 minutes. Ferricyanide reduction site 1 still retains 50% activity at this point. The meaning of these differences is discussed in terms of the physical location of these two sites on the thylakoid membrane.

Mentioned in this Paper

Spinach preparation
Centrifugation, Density Gradient
Biochemical Pathway
Thylakoid Membrane
Abnormal Fragmented Structure
Spinacia oleracea
Sulfhydryl Compounds

About this Paper

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