May 7, 2004

Fetal trisomy 21 and maternal preeclampsia

Jun ZhangC P Torfs


Placental trophoblast shedding into maternal circulation has been hypothesized as a potential cause of preeclampsia. Because pregnancies with a trisomy 21 fetus also have high levels of fetal cells and cell-free fetal DNA in maternal circulation, we examined whether trisomy 21 pregnancies have a higher risk of preeclampsia than euploid pregnancies. We used 2 population-based databases. We identified 7763 pregnancies with a singleton trisomy 21-affected fetus and 15,293 matched euploid gestations from the U.S. Natality files for the period 1995-1999. The second database consisted of 665 pregnancies with fetal trisomy 21 and 987 euploid controls in a population-based Down syndrome study in California. In the latter study, women were interviewed by telephone regarding characteristics and pregnancy complications. Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are the outcomes of this study. The U.S. Natality files showed that in nulliparous women fetal trisomy 21 was associated with a reduced risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (adjusted relative risk [aRR] = 0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.53 to 0.85). Findings from the California study confirmed this association in nulliparous women, and further revealed that the decrease in...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Entire Fetus
Prenatal Care
Down Syndrome
Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
Pregnancy Complications
Hypertensive Disease

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