Nov 4, 2018

Fibroblast activation protein enzyme deficiency prevents liver steatosis, insulin resistance and glucose intolerance and increases fibroblast growth factor-21 in diet induced obese mice

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Sumaiya ChowdhuryMark D Gorrell

Abstract

Background & Aims: Fibroblast activation protein-α (FAP) is a post-proline peptidase closely related to dipeptidyl peptidase-4. FAP degrades bioactive peptides including fibroblast growth factor-21 (FGF-21) and neuropeptide Y. We examined metabolic outcomes of specific genetic ablation of FAP and its enzyme activity in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) causing fatty liver. Methods: Wildtype (WT) and genetically modified FAP deficient mice that specifically lacked either the FAP protein or FAP enzyme activity received chow, or an atherogenic diet for 8 to 20 weeks of DIO. Results: FAP deficient male and female mice in the DIO model were more metabolically healthy than controls. The FAP deficient mice had less glucose intolerance, liver lipid, adiposity, insulin resistance, pancreatic and plasma insulin, pancreatic β-cell hyperplasia, serum alanine transaminase and circulating cholesterol compared to wild type controls. Furthermore, FAP deficiency lowered respiratory exchange ratio and greatly increased intrahepatic non-esterified free fatty acids, indicative of increased lipolysis and β-oxidation. Concordantly, lipogenic genes ( Pparγ, Gck, Acc, Fasn ) and hepatic triglyceride and fatty acid uptake genes ( Cd36, Apoc3,...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

CD36 Antigens
Metabolic Process, Cellular
LDLR wt Allele
Study
PPARA wt Allele
APOC3 gene
LDLR
Diet
CD36
DPP4 protein, human

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